Cook-Greuter (1994) classified new nine line of grade regarding Loevinger’s model on around three hierarchical categories: preconventional, conventional, and postconventional levels (select Dining table 1). The newest preconventional degree try projected so you can form ten% of one’s human population as they are also known as Symbiotic, Stage 1; Natural, Stage 2; and Mind-defensive, Stage 3. Such levels are normal into the teens, however if perhaps not developed beyond, could be from the psychopathology for the adulthood (Pfaffenberger and you may ). The conventional stages, projected to comprise in the 80% of population, is actually called Conformist, Stage 4; Self-Alert, Phase 5; and you may Conscientious, Stage six. This type of profile portray a shift usually going on shortly after years 12 whenever anyone will get effective at consuming another’s position and you will increases a distinctly split label and you will worry about-contained included program (Akrivou 2008). This new postconventional degrees was estimated so you can compose regarding ten% of one’s You human population and are generally known as Individualistic, Phase 7; Independent, Phase 8; and create-aware, Stage 9. When you look at the postconventional degrees, the individual has actually deeper differentiation of one’s thinking and you will reveals better emotional consolidation, self-actualization, wisdom, and you may the means to access intuition (Cook-Greuter 2000). According to Cook-Greuter (1999) there is a tenth phase of innovation, Unitive, in which someone is endure a continuous transparency to play in which transpersonal feel are utilized in a liquid condition to be.
The newest Enneagram and you may Ego Creativity
Loevinger’s (1976) pride creativity model brings a how to use malaysiancupid good framework having computing pride advancement on Enneagram program. Developmental trajectories are upcoming readily available for for each and every Enneagram kind of to check out to experience highest amounts of ego creativity. Brand new changes in worldview on large amounts of development in brand new Enneagram are similar to the achievement away from large developmental membership within this Loevinger’s design (Terrifically boring 2010; Loevinger 1976; Cook-Greuter 2002; Maslow 1964). Large account is designated by the increased sense, empathy, and less identity with pride (Cook-Greuter 2002; Jaxon-Happen 2012; Loevinger 1976). Literature demonstrates that psychological state and you can pride advancement are interrelated, that have positive correlations anywhere between advancement and dispositional optimism and worry about-esteem, and negative correlations with affective distress, depression, and you will anxiety (Blumentritt 2011; Queen mais aussi al. 2000; Noam ainsi que al. 2006). At some point, development contributes to notice-actualization and you will mind-transcendence/unity because explained regarding structures regarding one another Loevinger (1976) and you will Maslow (1976).
New Enneagram out-of 9 Versions
The latest Enneagram was a personality system of 9 distinct type-particular routes to possess invention along side lifespan (Dull 2010; Daniels and you will Price 2009; Sutton 2012). Of many scientists keeps showcased brand new Enneagram body’s the thing is that to this away from almost every other modern-day psychological theories such as humanistic, psychodynamic, ental psychologies and also the world of neuroscience (Beesing ainsi que al. 1984; Daniels and Rates 2009; Naranjo 1990, 1994; Palmer 1988, 1995; Riso and Hudson 1999, 2005; Siegel 2004, 2010; Tolk 2006; Wagner 2008). Many courses and you may content examining the application of the brand new Enneagram program are located in the realm of personal development and growth. More recently, the latest Enneagram has exploded toward area of business advancement. Regarding work function it’s been used just like the a hack to have team building events and you will facilitating so much more harmonious organizations (Humdrum 2010; Colina 1998; Kale and you can Shrivastava 2003; Ormond 2007).
While the an intensive identification program, brand new Enneagram models represent 9 standard habits (Table dos). Into the Enneagram system these interwoven activities is actually described when it comes of your own type’s type of perceptual filter systems you to definitely setting might Offer (Daniels and you can Price 2009). The essential Offer signifies new intersection off: (a) center values; (b) adaptive measures; (c) habits off focus; and (d) riding ideas. For the development of every type, a complete directory of peoples potential can be achieved from span of a lifetime (Terrifically boring 2010).